The Great Sages And Their Contribution Towards Mankind - Anupam Tiwari
Bharat has always been the top contributors in the field of science. But after facing so many invaders and more than 500 years of foreign rule, those glories faded away. Let us see some of those great sages whose contribution towards mankind is unmatchable.
1. Aryabhatta :-
Person who calculated value of Pi and gave the concept of zero. His most notable work was Aryabhatiya. In this he gave proper systematic representation of time and mensuration units. There is a table of sines (jya), given in a single verse. In the same book he covered AP, GP and polynomial equations. He gave method to calculate positions of planets for a given day. He also explained shape of earth and defined the cause of day and night occurrence.
2. Bhaskaracharya II :-
He wrote a book named The Siddhānta-Śiromani. The book has three parts Līlāvatī, Bijaganita and Grahaganita. As the names suggest (except first one, it was his daughter’s name), the Līlāvatī covers arithmatic maths, Bijaganita covers algebraic maths and last one covers mathematical equations related to planets.
3. Maharshi Bhardwaj :-
His achievements are already mentioned in many Puranas. But his most notable work was on flying machines. He has described three categories of flying machines: (1) One that flies on earth from one place to another. (2) One that travels from one planet to another. (3) And one that travels from one universe to another. It is said that his work on the art of flying is unparalleled.
4. Aacharya Charak :-
He has been crowned as the Father of Medicine. His renowned work, the “Charak Samhita”, is considered as an encyclopedia of Ayurveda. He has described the medicinal qualities and functions of 100,000 herbal plants. His book is also one of the foundation texts of Ayurveda.
5. Sushruta :-
He is also called as Father of Surgery. His book Sushrut Samhita is another foundation text of Ayurveda.
6. Patanjali :-
He explained the art of Yoga to the world. His most notable works are Yoga Sūtra and Patanjalatantra.
7. Acharya Kanad :-
He was the first person to give the concept of Atomic theory.
8. Kapila :-
He’s known as Father of Cosmology. He gave the world the renowned Samkhya school of thought. He was the one who pointed out that both matter and spirit are equally important.
9 Chanakya :-
Nearly everyone knows about him. His books Arthashastra and Chanakya Niti are one of the most popular books ever written in India.
10. Varāhamihira :-
Varahamihira proposed that the Moon and planets are lustrous not because of their own light but due to sunlight. In his book, the Brhat Samhita, he has revealed his discoveries in the domains of geography, constellation, science, botany and animal science. Varahamihira in 550 AD have described a large number of comets in the Brhat Samhita.
11. Nagarjuna :-
He was the chancellor of Nalanda University. He had discovered the alchemy of transmuting base metals into gold.
12 Panini :-
In his book, Aṣṭādhyāyī , he described Sanskrit grammar to a great extent and it is considered as one of the finest book on language ever written. In designing his grammar, Panini used the method of “auxiliary symbols”, in which new affixes are designated to mark syntactic categories and the control of grammatical derivations. This technique, rediscovered by the logician Emil Post, became a standard method in the design of computer programming languages.
13. Brahmagupta :-
Brahmagupta was the director of the astronomical observatory of Ujjain, the centre of Ancient Indian mathematical astronomy. He was the first to use mathematics to predict the positions of the planets, the timings of the lunar and solar eclipses. In his methods of multiplication, he used place value in almost the same way as it is used today. He introduced negative numbers and operations on zero into mathematics. Brahmagupta was the first person in history to see zero as a number with its own properties and said that zero divided by any other number is zero.
14. Garga Muni:-
His work Garga Purana lays down the rules of astrology in detail. Garga Muni’s major contribution is in the field of Vaastushastra and Ayurveda.
15. Vishwamitra :-
Thousands of years ago, he discovered missiles or missile systems. Being a warrior he used these weapons and taught Rama how missiles functioned.
16. Bhrigu :-
Maharishi Bhrigu collected birth charts, wrote full-life predictions and compiled them together as Bhrigu Samhita. Bhrigu Samhita is believed to be the first book in the field of astrology.
17 Kashyapa :-
Silpasastra of Kasyapa, is a Sanskrit treatise on architecture, iconography and the decorative arts.
18. Agastya :-
Sage Agastya is considered by many to be the “father of the Tamil language”, to whom is attributed the origin of the Tamil grammar text Agastyam (Agattiyam).
19. Kanv :-
The science of wind has been explained by Sage Kanva in Rigveda sections 8/41/6 .
These are only few. Many works of our great sages was copied by west and they presented the world that work as their own. Our education system shamelessly glorifies those westerns and our glorious past is somewhere lost in the old books kept in libraries.
Anupam Tiwari is a student and his passion is reading books and ancient scriptures.